Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Dietary supplementation with omega-3 in cystic fibrosis patients
Title of the conference
28th European Cystic Fibrosis Conference
Crete, Greene, June 22-25, 2005
Journal of Cystic Fibrosis
Accumulation of neutr ophils releasing proteolytic enzymes and free radicals induceprogressive lung tissue destruction in CF. Among several hfflammatory mediatorsimplicated in this process, leukotriene B 4 (LTB4) product of arachidonic (AA;20:4n 6) omega 6 polytmsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) plays an important role.Various anti inflammatory strategies including dietary supplementation of omega 3PUFA, known to favor the synthesis of less active leukotriene B 5 (LTBs), have beeninvestigated. To further explore this nutritional approach, biological effects of anomega 3 PUFA oral supplementation (n 3 OS) were measured in 17 CF patients haa prospective, randomized, double blind, crossover study. CF patients (mean age:18 + 9 years, FEVI: 66 + 29 %) received a dietary supplementation enriched, or not,ha omega 3 PUFA during a 2 x 6 months period. A modification in neutrophilmembrane PUFA composition was observed under n 3 OS with an increase in EPA(20:5n 3) PUFA (from 0.66 ± 0.56 to 1.60 ± 0.61 ~tmol %, P< 0.01). The LTB jLTB 5ratio was decreased (from 72 + 27 to 24 + 7, P< 0.C~31), in CF patients taking n 3OS. However, n 3 OS supplementation did neither affect the internalization of bothIL 8 receptors following IL 8 exposure, nor IL 8 induced neutrophil chemotaxis.Our results show that n 3 PUFA are absorbed and incorporated in neutrophilmembrmae. The consecutive decrease ha LTBjLTB 5 ratio suggests that, ha theseconditions, neutr ophils may produce less toxic mediators from the AA pathway. Thepotential clinical benefit for CF patients still needs to be assessed with furtherstudies of longer duration and including more patients.
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