Measuring change in clinical profiles between hospital admission and discharge and predicting living arrangements at discharge for aged patients presenting behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_67F883F93A70
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Measuring change in clinical profiles between hospital admission and discharge and predicting living arrangements at discharge for aged patients presenting behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia.
Périodique
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Auteur(s)
Bucher C.O., Dubuc N., von Gunten A., Morin D.
ISSN
1872-6976 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0167-4943
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
04/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
65
Pages
161-167
Langue
anglais
Résumé
BACKGROUND: The clinical courses of psychogeriatric inpatients presenting behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, between their admission and discharge, have been poorly documented. Based upon our previously elaborated profiles of psychogeriatric patients, this study aimed to describe these courses and to explore whether changing clinical profiles could predict living arrangements at discharge.
METHODS: Retrospective data were collected on 397 patients with dementia and hospitalized from 2011 to 2014 in French-speaking Switzerland. Patients were classified on admission and at discharge using four clinical profiles (BPSD-affective, BPSD-functional, BPSD-somatic, and BPSD-psychotic). Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to identify predictors of living arrangements at discharge. Age, gender, marital status, living arrangements on admission, and clinical profile on admission and discharge, were used as potential predictors.
RESULTS: Of the patients classified as BPSD-functional or BPSD-affective on admission, 70.18% and 73.48%, respectively, had the same classification at discharge. However, 45.74% of patients classified as BPSD-somatic on admission were discharged with a BPSD-functional profile, and 46.15% of inpatients classified as BPSD-psychotic on admission were discharged as BPSD-affective (χ(2)(9)=128.8299; p<0.000). At discharge, 64.99% of all patients were admitted to a nursing home. The significant predictors of return to home were: being male (OR=0.96; 95% CI: 0.93-0.99) and BPSD-affective profile (OR=1.95; 95% CI: 1.08-3.54. Significant predictors of transfer to acute care or death were: BPSD-somatic (OR=12.98; 95% CI: 1.96-85.91) or BPSD-psychotic profile (OR=13.53; 95% CI: 1.65-111.05).
DISCUSSION: This study provides new information concerning the clinical course of older psychogeriatric inpatients using profiles derived from clinically sensitive profiles.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
02/03/2016 18:15
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:23
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