Pure animal phobia is more specific than other specific phobias: epidemiological evidence from the Zurich Study, the ZInEP and the PsyCoLaus.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_67C45CD9CD12
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Pure animal phobia is more specific than other specific phobias: epidemiological evidence from the Zurich Study, the ZInEP and the PsyCoLaus.
Périodique
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Auteur(s)
Ajdacic-Gross V., Rodgers S., Müller M., Hengartner M.P., Aleksandrowicz A., Kawohl W., Heekeren K., Rössler W., Angst J., Castelao E., Vandeleur C., Preisig M.
ISSN
1433-8491 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0940-1334
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
266
Numéro
6
Pages
567-577
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Interest in subtypes of mental disorders is growing in parallel with continuing research progress in psychiatry. The aim of this study was to examine pure animal phobia in contrast to other specific phobias and a mixed subtype. Data from three representative Swiss community samples were analysed: PsyCoLaus (n = 3720), the ZInEP Epidemiology Survey (n = 1500) and the Zurich Study (n = 591). Pure animal phobia and mixed animal/other specific phobias consistently displayed a low age at onset of first symptoms (8-12 years) and clear preponderance of females (OR > 3). Meanwhile, other specific phobias started up to 10 years later and displayed almost a balanced sex ratio. Pure animal phobia showed no associations with any included risk factors and comorbid disorders, in contrast to numerous associations found in the mixed subtype and in other specific phobias. Across the whole range of epidemiological parameters examined in three different samples, pure animal phobia seems to represent a different entity compared to other specific phobias. The etiopathogenetic mechanisms and risk factors associated with pure animal phobias appear less clear than ever.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
29/03/2016 14:49
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:23
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