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Characterization of granzymes A and B isolated from granules of cloned human cytotoxic T lymphocytes
Journal of Immunology
Journal Article --- Old month value: Nov 15
A human CD8+ CTL clone with cytolytic potential was shown to express two serine proteases, a 50-kDa homodimer and a 27-kDa monomer, which were purified from cytoplasmic granules. N-terminal sequencing of the purified proteins revealed that the 50-kDa homodimer is the gene product of the human Hanukah factor cDNA clone and that it represents the human homologue to granzyme A. Similarly, the 27-kDa protein was shown to be the serine esterase encoded by the human lymphocyte protease cDNA clone and corresponds to granzyme B. There was no evidence for the presence of other granzymes, in particular for the human homologues to murine granzymes C, D, E, and F. The substrate best cleaved by granzyme A was Gly-Pro-Arg-amido-4-methyl-coumarin after the Arg residue and the pH optimum was 8 to 8.5. Upon triggering of the TCR-CD3 complex with an anti-CD3 mAb, granzyme A was released into the culture medium. Furthermore, a granule-associated hemolytic activity was detected after salt extraction and partial purification of granule proteins. This suggests that hemolytically active human perforin can be obtained from inactive granules.
Amino Acid Sequence Blotting, Northern Centrifugation, Density Gradient Chromatography, Ion Exchange Clone Cells/enzymology/ultrastructure Cytoplasmic Granules/*enzymology/physiology/ultrastructure Exocytosis Granzymes Humans Molecular Sequence Data Serine Endopeptidases/*isolation & purification/physiology Substrate Specificity T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/*enzymology/ultrastructure Transcription, Genetic
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