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Continuous versus single bolus enteral nutrition: comparison of energy metabolism in humans.
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Date de publication
5 Pt 1
Continuous respiratory exchange measurements were performed on five women and five men for 1 h before and 6 h after the administration of a milkshake (53% carbohydrates, 30% lipid, and 17% protein energy) given either as a single bolus dose or continuously during 3 h using a nasogastric tube. The energy administered corresponded to 2.3 times the postabsorptive resting energy expenditure. Resting energy expenditure, respiratory quotient, plasma glucose, and insulin concentrations increased sooner and steeper, and plasma free fatty acids levels decreased earlier with the meal ingested as a single dose than with continuous administration. The magnitude of nutrient-induced thermogenesis was greater (P less than 0.01) with the single dose (means +/- SE, 10.0 +/- 0.6%) than with the continuous administration (8.1 +/- 0.5%). The overall (6 h) substrate balances were not significantly different between the two modes of administration. It is concluded that the mode of enteral nutrient administration influences the immediate thermogenic response as well as changes in respiratory quotient, glycemia, and insulinemia; however, the overall nutrient balance was not affected by the mode of enteral nutrient administration.
Adult, Blood Glucose/metabolism, Body Temperature Regulation, Energy Intake, Energy Metabolism, Enteral Nutrition, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood, Female, Heart Rate, Humans, Insulin/blood, Intubation, Gastrointestinal, Kinetics, Male, Oxygen Consumption
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