Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mechanical analysis of the bone to plate interface of the LC-DCP and of the PC-FIX on human femora.
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Evaluation Studies ; Journal Article Erreur dans Pubmed : Leyvraz PE
The scope of this analysis was to evaluate the mechanical behaviour of newly developed plates at the junction between plate and bone (friction between plate and bone) for the limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) and the point contact fixator (PC-Fix) under simulated physiological load and using the tension band principle on the human femur. The intact human cadaveric femora were plated on the lateral aspect according to the tension band principle (AO) and subjected to a load which simulated careful physiological load in single stance. Five strain gauges were glued around the bones, parallel to the bone axis, at five levels, whereby three of them had to be covered by a bone plate and the two others were just outside the plate location. The cross-sectional geometry had been obtained at these levels using computed tomography. One side was plated using the conventional compression plate LC-DCP and the contralateral side using the internal fixator PC-Fix. The LC-DCP was affixed using screws tightened at different torque values and the PC-Fix at a standard torque value. Motion (slippage) between the plate and the bone was indicated by a hysteresis of the strain reading during loading and unloading. Slippage was more important for the LC-DCP than for the PC-Fix, particularly at the proximal end of the plate and when the screws were insufficiently tightened on the LC-DCP. As expected, better stability was obtained with the PC-Fix.
Animals, Biomechanics, Bone Plates, Bone Screws, Femur/physiology, Friction, Horses, Humans, Motion, Prosthesis Design, Stress, Mechanical, Torque
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