Article: article from journal or magazin.
Thymic lineage commitment rather than selection causes genetic variations in size of CD4 and CD8 compartments.
Journal of Immunology
During their development, immature CD4+ CD8+ thymocytes become committed to either the CD4 or CD8 lineage. Subsequent complete maturation of CD4+ and CD8+ cells requires a molecular match of the expressed coreceptor and the MHC specificity of the TCR. The final size of the mature CD4+ and CD8+ thymic compartments is therefore determined by a combination of lineage commitment and TCR-mediated selection. In humans and mice, the relative size of CD4+ and CD8+ peripheral T cell compartments shows marked genetic variability. We show here that genetic variations in thymic lineage commitment, rather than TCR-mediated selection processes, are responsible for the distinct CD4/CD8 ratios observed in common inbred mouse strains. Genetic variations in the regulation of lineage commitment open new ways to analyze this process and to identify the molecules involved.
Animals, CD4-CD8 Ratio, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology, Cell Differentiation/genetics, Cell Differentiation/immunology, Cell Division, Female, Genetic Variation, Humans, Major Histocompatibility Complex, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred DBA, Phenotype, Radiation Chimera/genetics, Radiation Chimera/immunology, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/genetics, Species Specificity, Thymus Gland/cytology, Thymus Gland/immunology
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