Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Cytochrome P450 1A2 activity and inducibility: impact of smoking, smoking cessation and genetic polymorphisms
Title of the conference
12th International Congress of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Clinical Toxicology
Stuttgart, Germany, October 2-6, 2011
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Aims: Cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2) is involved in the metabolism of severaldrugs (clozapine, olanzapine, theopylline, caffeine, etc) and is induced by smoking.This can result in decreased plasma levels of drugs metabolized by thisisoenzyme, causing a decrease in therapeutic response. After quitting smoking,increased plasma levels can lead to adverse effects of the concerned drugs, such asconfusion and seizures, described under clozapine treatment. The present studyaimed to examine the variation of CYP1A2 activity in a large group of smokersbefore and after smoking cessation. Moreover, we aimed to determine whethergenetic polymorphisms of CYP1A2 gene could influence the inducibility ofCYP1A2. Methods: CYP1A2 activity was determined by the paraxanthine/caffeineratio in 194 smokers and in 118 of them being abstinent during a 4-weekperiod. Participants were genotyped for CYP1A2*1F (rs762551), *1D(rs35694136) and *1C (rs2069514) polymorphisms. Results: Smokers had higherCYP1A2 activity (1.55-fold; p < 0.0001). Individual change of CYP1A2 activityafter smoking cessation ranged from 1.0-fold (no change) to 7.3-fold decreasedactivity. In five participants with low initial CYP1A2 activity, an increase wasobserved after smoking cessation. During smoking, CYP1A2*1F (p = 0.005), CYP1A2*1D (p = 0.014), the number of cigarettes/day (p = 0.012), contraceptives use(p < 0.001) and - 163A/- 2467T/- 3860G haplotype (p = 0.002) influencedCYP1A2 activity, while after quitting smoking, CYP1A2*1F (p = 0.017) and contraceptives(p = 0.05) did. No influence of CYP1A2 polymorphisms on the inducibilityof CYP1A2 was observed. Conclusion: Higher CYP1A2 activity wasmeasured in smokers, but with a large interindividual variability of its inductionby smoking. Careful clinical management with the help of therapeutic drug monitoringis therefore needed for patients receiving drugs which are metabolized byCYP1A2, who stop or start smoking. Unidentified genetic variations in theCYP1A2 gene and/or in other genes controlling CYP1A2 activity and other environmentalfactors could be responsible of the observed differences in CYP1A2enzymatic activity and inducibility.
CYP1A2, genetic polymorphism, haplotype, inducibility, smoking,
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