Article: article from journal or magazin.
Epidermal growth factor and bovine growth hormone stimulate differentiation and myelination of brain cell aggregates in culture.
Developmental Brain Research
Bovine growth hormone (bGH) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) increased the activity of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) in brain cell aggregates cultured in a serum-free chemically defined medium. ODC is considered as a marker of cell growth and differentiation. The effect of bGH and EGF on myelination was investigated by measuring two myelin markers, 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNP) and myelin basic protein (MBP). EGF treatment at days 2 and 5 caused a dose-dependent increase of both myelin markers at culture day 12. This increase could still be observed at culture day 19, indicating a prolonged action of EGF. The continual presence of bGH in the culture medium produced a large accumulation of MBP at day 19. This effect was dose-dependent and required the presence of triiodothyronine (T3). In contrast, the effect of bGH on CNP activity did not require the presence of T3. This is the first report showing a direct effect of bGH on CNS myelination in vitro and of EGF on both MBP accumulation and ODC activity.
2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases/analysis, Animals, Brain/cytology, Brain/enzymology, Cattle, Cell Aggregation, Cell Differentiation/drug effects, Cells, Cultured, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Epidermal Growth Factor/pharmacology, Growth Hormone/pharmacology, Myelin Basic Protein/metabolism, Myelin Sheath/physiology, Ornithine Decarboxylase/metabolism, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Time Factors
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