Article: article from journal or magazin.
Risk-adjusted rates for potentially avoidable reoperations were computed from routine hospital data
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
OBJECTIVES: Reoperations may reflect a suboptimal initial surgical treatment. The study aimed to develop a screening algorithm for those potentially avoidable, using only routinely collected hospital data and a prediction model to adjust rates for case-mix. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Data of a 3-year random sample of 7,370 therapeutic operations on inpatients, among which 833 were followed-up by a reoperation during the same stay. A review of medical records identified clearly avoidable and other potentially avoidable reoperations to develop and test the screening algorithm. A logistic prediction model of potentially avoidable reoperations was developed on one randomly chosen half of the data (about 9,000 interventions) and tested on the other half (cross-validation). RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-seven interventions (3%) were followed by a potentially avoidable reoperation, among which 144 were clearly avoidable. The screening algorithm had a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 72%. Predictors of potentially avoidable reoperations were surgery categories, diagnosis related conditions, and experiencing prior surgery. The risk score, based on these variables, showed at once a satisfactory discriminative performance (C-statistic=0.76) and goodness-of-fit measure on the validation set. CONCLUSION: The adjusted rate of potentially avoidable reoperations should be included in internal reporting of hospital quality indicators, but further validated in various settings. [Authors]
Hospitals , Medical Errors , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Reoperation
Web of science
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