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On the "Mean Field" Interpretation of Burgers' Equation
Journal of Statistical Physics
Fruitful analogies, partially first established by C. M. Newman,((1)) between the variables, functions, and equations which describe the equilibrium properties of classical ferro- and antiferromagnets in the Mean Field Approximation (MFA) and those which describe the space-time evolution of compressible Burgers' liquids are developed here for one-dimensional systems. It is shown that the natural analogies are: magnetic field and position coordinate; ferro-/antiferromagnetic coupling constants and negative/positive times; free energy per spin and velocity potential; magnetization and velocity field; magnetic susceptibility and mass density. An unexpected consequence of these analogies is a derivation of the Morette-Van Hove relation. Another novelty is that they necessitate the investigation of weak solutions of Burgers' equation for negative times, corresponding to the Curie-Weiss transition in ferromagnets. This is achieved by solving the "final-value" problem of the homogenous Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Unification of the final- and initial-value problems results in an extended Hopf-Lax variational principle. It is shown that its applicability implies that the velocity potentials at time zero be Lipschitz continuous for the velocity field to be bounded. This is a rather mild condition for the class of physically interesting and functionally compatible velocity potentials, compatible in the sense of satisfying the Morette-Van Hove relation.
Mean Field Approximation, Hamilton-Jacobi equation, Morette-Van Hove relation, Hopf-Lax formula
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