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Stereospecific recognition of pyochelin and enantio-pyochelin by the PchR proteins in fluorescent pseudomonads.
The siderophore pyochelin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa promotes growth under iron limitation and induces the expression of its biosynthesis genes via the transcriptional AraC/XylS-type regulator PchR. Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0 makes the optical antipode of pyochelin termed enantio-pyochelin, which also promotes growth and induces the expression of its biosynthesis genes when iron is scarce. Growth promotion and signalling by pyochelin and enantio-pyochelin are highly stereospecific and are known to involve the pyochelin and enantio-pyochelin outer-membrane receptors FptA and FetA, respectively. Here we show that stereospecificity in signalling is also based on the stereospecificity of the homologous PchR proteins of P. aeruginosa and P. fluorescens towards their respective siderophore effectors. We found that PchR functioned in the heterologous species only if supplied with its native ligand and that the FptA and FetA receptors enhanced the efficiency of signalling. By constructing and expressing hybrid and truncated PchR regulators we showed that the weakly conserved N-terminal domain of PchR is responsible for siderophore specificity. Thus, both uptake and transcriptional regulation confer stereospecificity to pyochelin and enantio-pyochelin biosynthesis.
Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins/chemistry, Bacterial Proteins/metabolism, DNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry, DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism, Iron/metabolism, Ligands, Molecular Sequence Data, Phenols/chemistry, Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics, Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolism, Pseudomonas fluorescens/metabolism, Siderophores/metabolism, Thiazoles/chemistry, Transcription Factors/chemistry, Transcription Factors/metabolism
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