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Extent of resection in glioblastoma - variation between molecular risk groups in rtog-0525
Title of the conference
2011 SNO 16th Annual Scientific Meeting in Conjunction with the AANS/CNS Section on Tumors
Orange County, California, November 17-20, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Whether maximal surgical resection of glioblastoma improves patient survival has been controversial, as it is difficult to perform an unbiased assessment of extent of resection (EOR) independent of other patient-specific prognostic factors. Recently, glioblastoma has been sub-classified into 4 distinct molecular risk groups (RGs), which have been validated as prognostic biomarkers in the randomized clinical trial of temozolomide dosing in glioblastoma: the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0525 (RTOG-0525) trial. We sought to perform exploratory analyses examining gross total resection (GTR) versus sub-total resection (STR) within these RGs in RTOG-0525 patients. Across all randomized patients, n ¼ 354 had STR and n ¼ 450 had GTR as determined by neurosurgeon operative report. GTR was not significantly associated with survival across the overall study group. A total of 725 patients had sufficient tissue for determination of molecular RG. There were no significant differences in percentage of GTR between each of the 4 RGs (P ¼ 0.64). In exploratory subgroup analyses, GTR was associated with improved survival only for patients with tumors from RG4. Hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) were 0.52 (0.08-2.07) for RG1 (n ¼ 28, 68% GTR), 1.74 (0.75-4.05) for RG2 (n ¼ 39, 56% GTR), 1.09 (0.84-1.42) for RG3 (n ¼ 284, 56% GTR), and 1.26 (1.01-1.56) for RG4 (n ¼ 374, 55% GTR). In univariate analysis within RG4, GTR was associated with a median survival of 14.6 months vs 12.7 months for STR (P ¼ 0.0352. In a Cox model adjusting for age, KPS, and neurologic function (NF), surgery remained an independent factor within RG4: GTR (P ¼ 0.0331), age (P ¼ 0.0014), KPS (P ¼ .3289), and NF (P ¼ 0.3804). There are important cautions in the interpretation of these data, including lack of MRI confirmation of EOR, and inclusion of a range of STR (from biopsy to near-total resection). However, these exploratory results raise the possibility that upfront characterization of tumor molecular profile may allow for personalized therapeutic strategies to improve outcomes for patients with glioblastoma.
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