Article: article from journal or magazin.
Characterization of a selective antagonist of neuropeptide Y at the Y2 receptor. Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of a Y2 antagonist.
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent inhibitor of neurotransmitter release through the Y2 receptor subtype. Specific antagonists for the Y2 receptors have not yet been described. Based on the concept of template-assembled synthetic proteins we have used a cyclic template molecule containing two beta-turn mimetics for covalent attachment of four COOH-terminal fragments RQRYNH2 (NPY 33-36), termed T4-[NPY(33-36)]4. This structurally defined template-assembled synthetic protein has been tested for binding using SK-N-MC and LN319 cell lines that express the Y1 and Y2 receptor, respectively. T4-[NPY(33-36)]4 binds to the Y2 receptor with high affinity (IC50 = 67.2 nM) and has poor binding to the Y1 receptor. This peptidomimetic tested on LN319 cells at concentrations up to 10 microM shows no inhibitory effect on forskolin-stimulated cAMP levels (IC50 for NPY = 2.5 nM). Furthermore, we used confocal microscopy to examine the NPY-induced increase in intracellular calcium in single LN319 cells. Preincubation of the cells with T4-[NPY(33-36)]4 shifted to the right the dose-response curves for intracellular mobilization of calcium induced by NPY at concentrations ranging from 0.1 nM to 10 microM. Finally, we assessed the competitive antagonistic properties of T4-[NPY(33-36)]4 at presynaptic peptidergic Y2 receptors modulating noradrenaline release. the compound T4-[NPY(33-36)]4 caused a marked shift to the right of the concentration-response curve of NPY 13-36, a Y2-selective fragment, yielding a pA2 value of 8.48. Thus, to our best knowledge, T4-[NPY(33-36)]4 represents the first potent and selective Y2 antagonist.
Binding, Competitive, Calcium, Cyclic AMP, Humans, Neuropeptide Y, Norepinephrine, Peptides, Cyclic, Receptors, Neuropeptide Y, Tumor Cells, Cultured
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