Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Detection of fat embolism in cases with postmortem angiography (PMA) - Preliminary results
Title of the conference
23rd International Meeting on Forensic Medicine Alpe-Adria-Pannonia
Lausanne, Suisse, 26-28 juin 2014
Introduction: Pulmonary fat embolism (PFE) can be a cause of death in cases with trauma, during orthopedic surgery and also in non-traumatic conditions, such as burns, pancreatitis, fatty liver or sickle cell disease. As PMA becomes more widespread, it is important to determine how it affects the diagnosis of PFE. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine if the oily contrast liquid used in PMA induces artefactual PFE, if such artefacts differ from original PFE and if PFE can be detected and graded before PMA. Material and methods: Cases of adults without signs of postmortem change and for which an autopsy with angiography was performed were selected for this study. Pulmonary biopsies of each lung were taken before and after the angiography as were fragments of each lung with a twin-edged knife during the autopsy. The samples were examined under the microscope without fixation or staining and after an Oil-Red O staining. PFE was graded according to Falci et al. Results: Non-artefactual (original) PFE was diagnosed in 4 cases on pre-PMA biopsies. As expected, structures with the aspect of PFE were present in all cases after angiography. The microscopical aspect of original and PMA induced PFE was identical. Grading of the PFE according to Falci et al. was depending on the quality of the biopsies. Conclusions: PMA with oily contrast induces artefactual PFE that cannot be visually differentiated from original PFE. Original PFE can however be diagnosed with pre-angiography biopsies. In order to assure the diagnosis and correct grading of PFE, the quality of the biopsy should be checked before PMA with oily contrast.
Forensic Medicine, Imaging
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