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N-Oct 5 is generated by in vitro proteolysis of the neural POU-domain protein N-Oct 3.
The neural POU-domain proteins N-Oct 3 and N-Oct 5 were first identified in electrophoretic mobility retardation assays through their ability to bind to the octamer sequence ATGCAAAT. These two N-Oct factors are detected in extracts from tumor-derived and normal neural cells. They are present differentially, however, in extracts from melanocytes and melanoma cells: N-Oct 3 is present in extracts from both melanocytes and melanoma cells, whereas N-Oct 5 is more evident in extracts from metastatic melanoma cells. We show here that a cDNA encoding N-Oct 3 directs synthesis of both the N-Oct 3 and N-Oct 5 proteins and that the N-Oct 5 protein in neural and melanoma-cell extracts is also related to N-Oct 3. N-Oct 5, however, is apparently not expressed in vivo: It is not detected if cells are rapidly lysed in SDS or if extracts are prepared with a cocktail of protease inhibitors that includes the serine-protease inhibitor 4-(2-Aminoethyl)benzenesulfonyl fluoride hydrochloride (AEBSF). These data suggest that N-Oct 5 is a specific in vitro proteolytic cleavage product of N-Oct 3 and is not directly related to melanocyte malignancy.
Animals, Astrocytes, COS Cells, Cell Transformation, Neoplastic, DNA, Complementary, Homeodomain Proteins, Humans, Hydrolysis, Melanoma, POU Domain Factors, Transcription Factors, Tumor Cells, Cultured
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