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Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Journal Article --- Old month value: Nov 6
Interest in nucleic acid hybridization stems mainly from its great power as a tool in biological research. It is used in several quite distinct ways. Because of the high degree of specificity that they show, hybridization techniques can be used to measure the amount of one specific sequence within a very heterogeneous mixture of sequences. Measurements of 1/10(6)-10(7) have been recorded. In extension of this, various properties of a specific sequence can often be studied. Secondly, because the kinetics of nucleic acid hybridization are quite well understood, it can be used to characterize both a pure sequence and a very complex mixture of sequences, like the genome of a vertebrate. Thirdly, again because of its specificity, it can be used to measure homologies between different populations of nucleic acids. Lastly, in conjunction with other techniques, it can be used as a basis for the fractionation of nucleic acid populations and the purification of specific sequences. Specific examples of these applications are given, with special reference to the organization of the genome in higher eukaryotes.
Animals Base Sequence Cell Line Chromosomes/analysis DNA/analysis Drosophila melanogaster Ducks Genes Hemoglobins Kinetics *Nucleic Acid Hybridization Poly A/analysis RNA Viruses/analysis RNA, Messenger/analysis RNA, Viral/analysis Rabbits
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