Article: article from journal or magazin.
Influence of sex and age on T3 receptors and T3 concentration in the pituitary gland of the rat: consequences on TSH secretion.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
A reduced secretion of thyroid hormones with age has been documented in humans and animals with no substantial increase in TSH secretion, which may be indicative of an age-related impairment of the pituitary sensitivity to the negative control exerted by thyroid hormones. We have evaluated in rats the influence of sex and age on pituitary T3 nuclear receptors--known to be determinant in the regulation of TSH secretion--as well as on T3 concentration in the pituitary gland. As regards sex, the density of T3 receptors and the concentration of T3 in pituitary gland and plasma were greater in females than in males whereas pituitary and plasma TSH concentrations were less. As for age, the density of T3 receptors was greater in old male rats than in young ones with no changes in pituitary T3 and plasma TSH concentrations. In old female rats in contrast, there was no significant increase in T3 receptors but pituitary T3 was less and plasma TSH greater than in young female rats. In both sexes plasma thyroid hormones and pituitary TSH were reduced with age whereas TSH response to TRH was not altered. These results illustrate sex and age differences in pituitary T3 receptors and pituitary T3 concentration as well as in TSH secretion. In young animals of both sexes an inverse correlation is observed between the density of pituitary T3 receptors and plasma TSH. In contrast, in old animals the absence of this correlation is suggestive of an age-related impairment of T3 action on the thyrotrophs or of changes pertaining to other factors modulating TSH secretion.
Aging/metabolism, Animals, Female, Male, Pituitary Gland, Anterior/metabolism, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Receptors, Thyroid Hormone/blood, Receptors, Thyroid Hormone/metabolism, Sex Characteristics, Thyrotropin/blood, Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone/pharmacology, Thyroxine/blood, Thyroxine/metabolism
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