Article: article from journal or magazin.
Identification of two isoforms of the catalytic subunit of Na,K-ATPase in myocytes from adult rat heart.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The present study demonstrates that two forms of the alpha catalytic subunit of the Na,K-ATPase are present in rat heart and originate from cardiomyocytes. They were resolved on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis after reduction and alkylation of the sulfhydryl groups. The two forms were identified on immunoblots using two specific antisera against either the alpha subunit from Bufo marinus kidney and the alpha and beta subunits from lamb kidney. Comparison of the two forms to the alkylated Na,K-ATPase from rat kidney (containing one catalytic subunit) and from rat brain (containing alpha and alpha + subunits) suggested that, in rat cardiac myocytes, the form with a fast migration rate (alpha F) corresponds to the alpha subunit of low ouabain affinity and the one with a slow migration rate (alpha S), to a subunit of high ouabain affinity. Thus, the existence of two isoforms of the catalytic subunit in cardiac myocytes accounts well for the biphasic ouabain inhibition of the Na,K-ATPase activity and for the biphasic inotropic responsiveness to cardiac glycosides of the rat heart.
Alkylation, Animals, Brain/enzymology, Dithiothreitol/pharmacology, Iodoacetamide/pharmacology, Isoenzymes/analysis, Kidney/enzymology, Macromolecular Substances, Myocardium/enzymology, Rats, Sarcolemma/enzymology, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/analysis, Urea/pharmacology
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