Functional diversity decreases with temperature in high elevation ant fauna

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_5DFC540FCF19
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Functional diversity decreases with temperature in high elevation ant fauna
Périodique
Ecological Entomology
Auteur(s)
Reymond A., Purcell J., Cherix D., Guisan A., Pellissier L.
ISSN
0307-6946
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
38
Numéro
4
Pages
364-373
Langue
anglais
Résumé
1. Severe environmental conditions filter community species compositions, forming clines of functional diversity along environmental gradients. Here, the changes in functional diversity in ant assemblages with severe environmental conditions in the Swiss Alps were investigated.
2. Eight sites were sampled along an elevation gradient (1800-2550 m). The variation in functional diversity was analysed along an elevation gradient considering four traits: social structure (monogynous vs. polygynous), worker size, pupal development, and nest structure.
3. Ant species richness and functional diversity decreased with decreasing temperature. Species found in colder habitats tended to live in subterranean nests rather than in mounds and exhibit a polymorphism in queen number, either within or across populations. The phylogenetic diversity did not decrease at colder temperature: Formicinae and Myrmicinae occupied the full range of elevations investigated.
4. An insulation experiment indicated that mounds are more thermally insulated against the cold compared with soil. The absence of a mound-building ant from high elevations probably results from a reduction in the amount of vegetal materials provided by coniferous trees.
5. More severe abiotic conditions at higher elevations act as a filter on ant assemblages, directly through physiological tolerances to the abiotic conditions and indirectly as the vegetation necessary for nest building shifts with elevation.</list-item
Mots-clé
Community, environmental filtering, gradient, hymenoptera, phylogenetic diversity
Web of science
Création de la notice
16/05/2013 8:32
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:16
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