Article: article from journal or magazin.
Identification by a monoclonal antibody of a glycolipid highly expressed by cells from the human myeloid lineage.
International Journal of Cancer
A monoclonal antibody (MAb) HL-C5, which bound selectively to cells of the myeloid lineage tested, was derived from a fusion between P3/NS2/1-AG8 myeloma cells and splenocytes from a mouse immunized with cells of the promyelocytic leukemia line HL-60. Among a panel of 29 human cell lines derived from either hematopoietic or solid tumors, MAb HL-C5 was found to react exclusively with cells from the five differentiated acute myeloid leukemia lines, HL-60, ML1, ML2, ML3, KG-1B and not with the less differentiated myeloid lines. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis of normal bone marrow samples confirmed that the reactivity of MAb HL-C5 was limited to myeloid cells, from the promyelocytic stage of differentiation to the mature granulocytes. Indirect immunoperoxidase staining of cytocentrifuge preparations of normal bone marrow and peripheral blood leukocytes confirmed these results and showed that MAb HL-C5 stained neutrophils but not eosinophils or basophils. The antigen recognized by HL-C5 was recovered in the upper phase of chloroform-methanol-water lipid extracts prepared from HL-60 cells. By competitive binding experiments, it was found that MAb HL-C5 recognizes the same antigenic determinant as MAb WGHS 29-1, which has been reported to react with glycolipids containing the sugar sequence lacto-N-fucopentaose 111. Autoradiographs of thin layer chromatograms of HL-60 glycolipid extracts which were revealed by incubation with MAb HL-C5 or WGHS 29-1 followed by the addition of 125I-labelled rabbit anti-mouse immunoglobulin antibody confirmed that the two MAbs reacted with the same or structurally very similar glycolipids.
Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis, Antigens, Surface/analysis, Bone Marrow/immunology, Cell Line, Cells, Cultured, Glycolipids/analysis, Glycolipids/immunology, Humans, Immunization, Leukemia, Myeloid/immunology, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C
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