Article: article from journal or magazin.
Histone deacetylase inhibitor- and PMA-induced upregulation of PMCA4b enhances Ca2+ clearance from MCF-7 breast cancer cells.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
The expression of the plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase (PMCA) isoforms is altered in several types of cancer cells suggesting that they are involved in cancer progression. In this study we induced differentiation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) such as short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) or suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), and by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and found strong upregulation of PMCA4b protein expression in response to these treatments. Furthermore, combination of HDACis with PMA augmented cell differentiation and further enhanced PMCA4b expression both at mRNA and protein levels. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that the upregulated protein was located mostly in the plasma membrane. To examine the functional consequences of elevated PMCA4b expression, the characteristics of intracellular Ca2+ signals were investigated before and after differentiation inducing treatments, and also in cells overexpressing PMCA4b. The increased PMCA4b expression - either by treatment or overexpression - led to enhanced Ca2+ clearance from the stimulated cells. We found pronounced PMCA4 protein expression in normal breast tissue samples highlighting the importance of this pump for the maintenance of mammary epithelial Ca2+ homeostasis. These results suggest that modulation of Ca2+ signaling by enhanced PMCA4b expression may contribute to normal development of breast epithelium and may be lost in cancer.
Breast Neoplasms/metabolism, Breast Neoplasms/pathology, Calcium/metabolism, Cell Differentiation/drug effects, Cell Proliferation/drug effects, Female, Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/pharmacology, Humans, Hydroxamic Acids/pharmacology, Indoles/pharmacology, MCF-7 Cells, Maleimides/pharmacology, Pentanoic Acids/pharmacology, Phorbol Esters/pharmacology, Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics, Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism, Protein Isoforms/genetics, Protein Isoforms/metabolism, RNA, Messenger/metabolism, Up-Regulation/drug effects
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