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A repeated GGA motif is critical for the activity and stability of the riboregulator RsmY of Pseudomonas fluorescens.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The riboregulator RsmY of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0 is an example of small regulatory RNAs belonging to the global Rsm/Csr regulatory systems controlling diverse cellular processes such as glycogen accumulation, motility, or formation of extracellular products in various bacteria. By binding multiple molecules of the small regulatory protein RsmA, RsmY relieves the negative effect of RsmA on the translation of several target genes involved in the biocontrol properties of strain CHA0. RsmY and functionally related riboregulators have repeated GGA motifs predicted to be exposed in single-stranded regions, notably in the loops of hairpins. The secondary structure of RsmY was corroborated by in vivo cleavage with lead acetate. RsmY mutants lacking three or five (out of six) of the GGA motifs showed reduced ability to derepress the expression of target genes in vivo and failed to bind the RsmA protein efficiently in vitro. The absence of GGA motifs in RsmY mutants resulted in reduced abundance of these transcripts and in a shorter half-life (< or = 6 min as compared with 27 min for wild type RsmY). These results suggest that both the interaction of RsmY with RsmA and the stability of RsmY strongly depend on the GGA repeats and that the ability of RsmY to interact with small regulatory proteins such as RsmA may protect this RNA from degradation.
Bacterial Proteins/chemistry, Base Sequence, Escherichia coli/genetics, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Pseudomonas fluorescens/genetics, Pseudomonas fluorescens/metabolism, RNA, Bacterial/chemistry, RNA, Bacterial/physiology, RNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry, Repressor Proteins/chemistry, Trinucleotide Repeats
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