Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Clinical utility of g-cimp and idh1 status as dual prognostic markers in glioblastoma
Title of the conference
2011 SNO 16th Annual Scientific Meeting in Conjunction with the AANS/CNS Section on Tumors
Orange County, California, November 17-20, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
The glioma CpG island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP) has been shown to be highly correlated with prognosis andwas noted to be highly concordant with IDH1mutation in malignant glioma in the limited number of samples analyzed. To better understand the relationship of G-CIMP with IDH1 mutation status and patient outcome, we examined G-CIMP status in detail in a larger retrospective series of glioblastomas as well as tumor samples from the RTOG 0525 clinical trial. Sampleswere tested for 6 CIMPmarkers andwere correlated with patient outcomes. In the retrospective tumor set (n ¼ 301),we found 3 distinct survival groups based on the number of CIMP markers: 0-1 (CIMP-negative), 2-4 (CIMP-intermediate), and 5 or greater (CIMP-positive) with median survivals 13.8, 20.1, and 90.6 months, respectively. This finding was validated in the RTOG 0525 samples (median survivals 15.0, 20.3, and 37.0 months). Among 787 cases with both IDH and CIMP data, 617 were CIMP-negative, 136 were CIMP-intermediate, and 34 were CIMP-positive. Seven hundred forty-four were wild type for IDH1 mutation, and 43 were mutant. CIMP and IDH status were positively correlated but outliers were found. Among the 610 CIMP-negative tumors, there were 7 IDH-mutant tumors, which showed no difference in outcome. Similarly, among the 34 CIMP-positive tumors, there were 21 IDH-mutant cases, which also showed no difference in outcome. However, among the CIMP-intermediate cases, there were 15 IDH-mutant cases with significantly (p ¼ 0.0003) improved outcome (medians not reached vs. 18.5 months, 2 year survival 87% vs. 32%). Multivariate analysis showed that both IDH1 mutation status and CIMP status were independent predictors of outcome. These findings suggest the clinical utility of refining the CIMP status into negative, intermediate, and positive groups and the finding that both IDH1 and CIMPstatus are important molecular markers in GBM.
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