Autistic traits and positive psychotic experiences modulate the association of psychopathic tendencies with theory of mind in opposite directions.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_5C8734D70CD3
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Autistic traits and positive psychotic experiences modulate the association of psychopathic tendencies with theory of mind in opposite directions.
Périodique
Scientific reports
Auteur(s)
Gillespie S.M., Mitchell I.J., Abu-Akel A.M.
ISSN
2045-2322 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2045-2322
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
25/07/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
7
Numéro
1
Pages
6485
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Various clinical disorders, including psychopathy, and autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders, have been linked with impairments in Theory of Mind (ToM). However, although these conditions can co-occur in the same individual, the effect of their inter-play on ToM abilities has not been investigated. Here we assessed ToM abilities in 55 healthy adults while performing a naturalistic ToM task, requiring participants to watch a short film and judge the actors' mental states. The results reveal for the first time that autistic traits and positive psychotic experiences interact with psychopathic tendencies in opposite directions to predict ToM performance-the interaction of psychopathic tendencies with autism traits was associated with a decrement in performance, whereas the interaction of psychopathic tendencies and positive psychotic experiences was associated with improved performance. These effects were specific to cognitive rather than affective ToM. These results underscore the importance of the simultaneous assessment of these dimensions within clinical settings. Future research in these clinical populations may benefit by taking into account such individual differences.

Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
08/09/2017 21:51
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:09
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