Posttraumatic Stress, Somatizations and Quality of Life Among Ivorian Refugees

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_5A4BCD4EFC3B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Compte-rendu: analyse d'une oeuvre publiée.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Posttraumatic Stress, Somatizations and Quality of Life Among Ivorian Refugees
Périodique
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Auteur(s)
Kounou Kossi, Brodard Fabrice, Gnassingbe Afèignindou, Foli Ayoko, Sager Julia, Schmitt Laurent, Bui Eric
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
17/12/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
30
Numéro
6
Pages
682-689
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The present study examined the relationship between peritraumatic reactions, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, somatization, and quality of life (QoL) in a sample of refugees, two years after the 2011 Ivory Coast sociopolitical crisis. Participants were 101 Ivorian adult refugees (mean age = 31.61 years, SD = 7.84; 45.5% women) who completed several questionnaires relating to peritraumatic reactions, PTSD symptoms, somatization, and QoL. Most participants (86.1%) scored above the cutoff for probable PTSD. Peritraumatic dissociation and peritraumatic distress were significantly associated with PTSD symptoms, (r = .64, p < .001) and (r = .60, p < .001), respectively, and somatization, (r = .21, p = .038) and (r = .35, p < .001), respectively, as well as with QoL, (r = -.20, p = .045) and (r = -.21, p = .037), respectively. Similarly, QoL was significantly negatively correlated with PTSD symptoms (r = -.33, p < .001) and somatization (r = -.39, p < .001). In multivariate analyses, somatization was the strongest predictor of QoL (β = -.31, p = .003). Finally, somatization statistically mediated the association between peritraumatic distress and QoL. These findings suggest that PTSD may be frequent among Ivorian refugees, and that somatization may be an important feature of the traumatic experiences. Targeting somatization in conjunction with trauma-centered therapy may improve outcomes in sub-Saharan Africans with PTSD.
Pubmed
Création de la notice
09/10/2017 13:31
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:13
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