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HLA-B35-subtype mismatches in ABDR serologically matched unrelated donor-recipient pairs
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Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Sep
We have characterized HLA incompatibilities in a group of 17 B35-positive patients who were ABDR matched (AB serology and oligotyping for DR1-14) with their 28 (unrelated) potential bone marrow donors. High-resolution oligotyping for DR subtypes disclosed that nine combinations were in fact DR mismatched. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) activity was detected in nine combinations (32%). In the group matched for DR subtypes, three (16%) of 19 combinations were CTL positive. Patient-specific cytotoxic activity appeared to be directed against HLA C (two cases) or against a subtype of B35. In the group of DR-subtype-mismatched combinations, CTL activity was found in six (67%) of nine pairs. In all four cases that were studied in detail, however, CTL reactivity appeared to be directed against a variant subtype of B35. We have studied the B35 incompatibilities recognized in five different combinations by specificity analysis of the B35-specific CTLs and by partially sequencing of relevant segments of B35 exon 3. Preliminary data show that, within this relatively small Caucasoid group, at least five B35-variant subtypes could be distinguished. This would make B35 an antigen that will be frequently subtype mismatched, in particular when DR matching is done with low resolution (DR1-14) only.
HLA-A Antigens/*immunology HLA-B Antigens/*immunology HLA-B35 Antigen/*immunology HLA-DR Antigens/*immunology Histocompatibility/*immunology Humans T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology
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