Genetics-Based Population Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Risperidone in a Psychiatric Cohort.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: 26129906.pdf (602.28 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Document(s) secondaire(s)
Télécharger: 26129906_supplementary material.pdf (400.46 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Supplementary document
ID Serval
serval:BIB_594496D78157
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Genetics-Based Population Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Risperidone in a Psychiatric Cohort.
Périodique
Clinical Pharmacokinetics
Auteur(s)
Vandenberghe F., Guidi M., Choong E., von Gunten A., Conus P., Csajka C., Eap C.B.
ISSN
1179-1926 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0312-5963
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
54
Numéro
12
Pages
1259-1272
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: High interindividual variability in plasma concentrations of risperidone and its active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, may lead to suboptimal drug concentration.
OBJECTIVE: Using a population pharmacokinetic approach, we aimed to characterize the genetic and non-genetic sources of variability affecting risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone pharmacokinetics, and relate them to common side effects.
METHODS: Overall, 150 psychiatric patients (178 observations) treated with risperidone were genotyped for common polymorphisms in NR1/2, POR, PPARα, ABCB1, CYP2D6 and CYP3A genes. Plasma risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone were measured, and clinical data and common clinical chemistry parameters were collected. Drug and metabolite concentrations were analyzed using non-linear mixed effect modeling (NONMEM(®)). Correlations between trough concentrations of the active moiety (risperidone plus 9-hydroxyrisperidone) and common side effects were assessed using logistic regression and linear mixed modeling.
RESULTS: The cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 phenotype explained 52% of interindividual variability in risperidone pharmacokinetics. The area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of the active moiety was found to be 28% higher in CYP2D6 poor metabolizers compared with intermediate, extensive and ultrarapid metabolizers. No other genetic markers were found to significantly affect risperidone concentrations. 9-hydroxyrisperidone elimination was decreased by 26% with doubling of age. A correlation between trough predicted concentration of the active moiety and neurologic symptoms was found (p = 0.03), suggesting that a concentration >40 ng/mL should be targeted only in cases of insufficient, or absence of, response.
CONCLUSIONS: Genetic polymorphisms of CYP2D6 play an important role in risperidone, 9-hydroxyrisperidone and active moiety plasma concentration variability, which were associated with common side effects. These results highlight the importance of a personalized dosage adjustment during risperidone treatment.
Mots-clé
Adult, Antipsychotic Agents/administration & dosage, Antipsychotic Agents/adverse effects, Cross-Sectional Studies, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6/genetics, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6/metabolism, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Mental Disorders/drug therapy, Mental Disorders/genetics, Models, Biological, Paliperidone Palmitate/blood, Paliperidone Palmitate/chemistry, Polymorphism, Genetic, Prolactin/metabolism, Retrospective Studies, Risperidone/administration & dosage, Risperidone/adverse effects
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
07/07/2015 10:51
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:12
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