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Enteral versus parenteral nutrition: comparison of energy metabolism in lean and moderately obese women.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Continuous respiratory-exchange measurements were performed on ten moderately obese and ten lean young women for 1 h before, 3 h during, and 3 h after either parenteral (IV) or intragastric (IG) administration of a nutrient mixture infused at twice the postabsorptive, resting energy expenditure (REE). REE rose significantly from 0.98 +/- 0.02 to 1.13 +/- 0.03 kcal/min (IV) and from 0.99 +/- 0.02 to 1.13 +/- 0.02 kcal/min (IG) in the lean group; from 1.10 +/- 0.02 to 1.27 +/- 0.03 kcal/min (IV) and from 1.11 +/- 0.02 to 1.29 +/- 0.03 (IG) in the obese group. These increases resulted in similar nutrient-induced thermogenesis of 10.0 +/- 0.7% (IV) and 9.3 +/- 0.9% (IG) in the lean group; of 9.2 +/- 0.7% (IV) and 10.1 +/- 0.8% (IG) in the obese. Nutrient utilization was comparable in both groups and in both routes of administration, although the response time to IG feeding was delayed. These results showed no significant difference in both the thermogenic response and nutrient utilization between moderately obese and control groups using acute IV or IG feeding.
Adult, Blood Glucose/metabolism, Body Temperature Regulation, Dietary Fats/administration & dosage, Dietary Fats/metabolism, Dietary Proteins/administration & dosage, Dietary Proteins/metabolism, Energy Intake, Energy Metabolism, Enteral Nutrition, Female, Glucose/administration & dosage, Glucose/metabolism, Heart Rate, Humans, Insulin/blood, Obesity/metabolism, Oxygen Consumption, Parenteral Nutrition
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