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Autologous adult cortical cell transplantation enhances functional recovery following unilateral lesion of motor cortex in primates: a pilot study.
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Publication types: JOURNAL ARTICLE
BACKGROUND:: Although cell therapy is a promising approach after cerebral cortex lesion, few studies assess quantitatively its behavioral gain in non-human primates. Furthermore, implantations of fetal grafts of exogenous stem cells are limited by safety and ethical issues. OBJECTIVE:: To test in non-human primates the transplantation of autologous adult neural progenitor cortical cells with assessment of functional outcome. METHODS:: Seven adult macaque monkeys were trained to perform a manual dexterity task, before the hand representation in motor cortex was chemically lesioned unilaterally. Five monkeys were used as control, compared to two monkeys subjected to different autologous cells transplantation protocols performed at different time intervals. RESULTS:: After lesion, there was a complete loss of manual dexterity in the contralesional hand. The five "control" monkeys recovered progressively and spontaneously part of their manual dexterity, reaching a unique and definitive plateau of recovery, ranging from 38% to 98% of pre-lesion score after 10 to 120 days. The two "treated" monkeys reached a first spontaneous recovery plateau at about 25 and 40 days post-lesion, representing 35% and 61% of the pre-lesion performance, respectively. In contrast to the controls, a second recovery plateau took place 2-3 months after cell transplantation, corresponding to an additional enhancement of functional recovery, representing 24 and 37% improvement, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:: These pilot data, derived from two monkeys treated differently, suggest that, in the present experimental conditions, autologous adult brain progenitor cell transplantation in non-human primate is safe and promotes enhancement of functional recovery.
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