Survey of dermatophyte infections in the Lausanne area Switzerland

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_58C293E1BF7B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Survey of dermatophyte infections in the Lausanne area Switzerland
Périodique
Dermatology
Auteur(s)
Monod  M., Jaccoud  S., Zaugg  C., Lechenne  B., Baudraz  F., Panizzon  R.
ISSN
1018-8665 (Print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2002
Volume
205
Numéro
2
Pages
201-3
Notes
Journal Article
Résumé
BACKGROUND: The dermatophytes are important in the Swiss medical environment since 5-10% of consultations in dermatology concern mycotic infections. OBJECTIVE: To obtain information about the prevailing species of dermatophytes in the south-west of Switzerland and their pattern of infection. METHODS: An analysis was made of the dermatophytes isolated in the Department of Dermatology at the University Hospital of Lausanne and from samples collected in private practices of Switzerland during an 8-year period (1993-2000). The total number of samples sent for mycological analysis was 33,725. RESULTS: 4,193 cultures revealed a dermatophyte. Trichophyton rubrum was the most frequently isolated species accounting for 62.5% of the strains followed by T. mentagrophytes (24.5%) and Microsporum canis (5.0%). Less frequent isolates included Epidermophyton floccosum, M. langeroni, M. gypseum, T. soudanense, T. violaceum, T. verrucosum, T. gourvili and T. tonsurans. Analysis of the localisation of the isolated fungi confirms that the dermatophyte species have a predilection for certain body areas. CONCLUSIONS: The relative frequencies of isolation of the dermatophyte species partially depending of the record of the different tinea vary from one country to another. Our study reveals the importance of T. rubrum and the appreciable frequency of M. canis in the Swiss autochthonous population and the apparition of new species with immigrants.
Mots-clé
Arthrodermataceae/*isolation & purification Dermatomycoses/*epidemiology/microbiology Europe/epidemiology Humans Prevalence Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
25/01/2008 16:55
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:12
Données d'usage