Article: article from journal or magazin.
Medium-sized neurofilament protein related to maturation of a subset of cortical neurons.
Journal of Comparative Neurology
Neurofilaments are typical structures of the neuronal cytoskeleton and participate in the formation and stabilization of the axonal and dendritic architecture. In this study, we have characterized a murine monoclonal antibody, FNP7, that is directed against the medium-sized neurofilament subunit NF-M. This antibody identifies a subset of neurons in the cerebral cortex of various species including human and in organotypic cultures of rat cortex. In the neocortex of all species examined, the antibody labels pyramidal cells in layers III, V, and VI, with a distinctive laminar distribution between architectonic boundaries. In comparison with other antibodies directed against NF-M, the FNP7 antibody identifies on blots two forms of NF-M that appear relatively late during development, at the time when dynamic growth of processes changes to the stabilization of the formed processes. Dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase unmasks the site, making it detectable for the FNP7 antibody. The late appearance suggests that the site is present during early development in phosphorylated form and with increasing maturation becomes dephosphorylated, mainly in dendrites. This event may relate to changes in cytoskeleton stability in a late phase of dendritic maturation. Furthermore, mainly corticofugal projections and only few callosal axons are stained, suggesting a differential phosphorylation in a subset of axons. The antibody provides a useful marker to study subsets of pyramidal cells in vivo, in vitro, and under experimental conditions.
Animals, Antibody Specificity, Blotting, Western, Cats, Cerebellum/chemistry, Cerebellum/cytology, Cerebral Cortex/chemistry, Cerebral Cortex/cytology, Immunohistochemistry, Neurofilament Proteins/analysis, Neurofilament Proteins/metabolism, Pyramidal Cells/chemistry, Pyramidal Cells/cytology, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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