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Pathologies mimicking deep venous thrombosis of the legs: pictorial review of US findings : P27
Titre de la conférence
SGR-SSR 2009, 96th Annual Swiss Congress of Radiology
Geneva, Switzerland, June 4-6, 2009
Date de publication
Swiss Medical Forum = Forum Médical Suisse
Purpose: Precise diagnosis of DVT of the legs is a challenging problem, not only in front of suspicion of PE, but also in all status of leg pain, warmth and swelling. Clinical diagnosis has a low accuracy and further investigations are mandatory in order to diagnose DVT. Amongst the possible investigations, US has a high specificity and a good NPV. However, many pathologies unrelated to the veins may mimic the signs and symptoms of DVT and have to be recognized in order to make the correct diagnosis. The purpose of this paper is to review the results of the US investigations of the legs performed in our Department during the last three years for a suspicion of DVT and describe alternative diagnoses mimicking DVT. Methods and materials: Through a RIS-based search, we retrospectively reviewed all the cases of US of the legs performed in our Department between January 2006 and December 2008 for a suspicion of DVT. We selected the cases of positive findings unrelated to the veins and illustrated these findings with characteristic images. Results: 419 US of the legs were performed between December 2006 and December 2008 for a suspicion of DVT. Among these, 75 were positive for DVT, and 79 for alternative diagnosis. The most common alternative diagnosis was edema of the legs (31%), followed by hematoma (23%). Other findings were Baker cysts (13%), cellulitis (10%) and lymphoceles (5%). Rare diagnoses were arterio-venous malformations, pseudoaneurysms, pelvic masses, necrosing fasciitis, intramuscular abscesses, subcutaneous seromas, sarcoma and ganglion cysts. Conclusion: A greater knowledge of the US appearance of the pathologies mimicking DVT may help to make the correct diagnosis, avoiding further expensive investigations or inappropriate anticoagulant therapy.
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