Age related cognitive decline: a clinical entity? A longitudinal study of cerebral blood flow and memory performance.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_581025621338
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Age related cognitive decline: a clinical entity? A longitudinal study of cerebral blood flow and memory performance.
Périodique
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Auteur(s)
Celsis P., Agniel A., Cardebat D., Démonet J.F., Ousset P.J., Puel M.
ISSN
0022-3050 (Print)
ISSN-L
0022-3050
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1997
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
62
Numéro
6
Pages
601-608
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and memory performance in patients with age related cognitive decline (ARCD) who did and did not become demented during a follow up period.
METHODS: Twenty four patients with ARCD were recruited from an outpatient memory clinic, of whom 18 were followed up over a mean period of two years. Eighteen patients with mild to moderate probable Alzheimer's disease and 18 aged normal controls were followed up over a mean period of three years. Memory performance and rCBF were evaluated quantitatively at inclusion and during follow up, using single photon emission computed tomography with xenon-133 injection and three subtests of the Wechsler memory scale (logical memory, paired associated learning, and digit span).
RESULTS: Patients with ARCD showed decreased rCBF and memory performance at initial evaluation compared with controls. Five of them became demented during the follow up period, with further decline in memory and rCBF. At inclusion, the only feature that distinguished these five patients as a group from the remainder was a pronounced temporoparietal asymmetry. The 13 patients with ARCD who did not become demented still exhibited impaired memory and rCBF at follow up, but without any further decline and no increase in flow asymmetry.
CONCLUSIONS: Apart from patients in the preclinical phase of Alzheimer's disease, the ARCD category includes non-demented patients who have brain dysfunction that may represent a distinct clinical entity.
Mots-clé
Aged, Aging, Alzheimer Disease, Brain/blood supply, Cognition Disorders/diagnosis, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Memory Disorders/diagnosis, Middle Aged, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Regional Blood Flow, Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon, Wechsler Scales
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/03/2013 17:36
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 17:25
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