Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Combined radiohormonotherapy in node positive lymph node prostate cancer
Title of the conference
15th Annual Meeting of the Scientific Association of Swiss Radiation Oncology
Geneva, Switzerland, March 31-April 2, 2011
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Purpose: Pelvic radiation therapy (RT) represents a therapeutic option in the treatment of node-positive prostate cancer but it remains controversial, because of its high rate toxicities. New radiation technique such as IMRT may reduce these complications. In this study, we aimed to assess the rate of toxicities according to CTC-NCI.v3 in such patients treated with either 3DCRT or IMRT (Tomotherapy).Methods and Materials: From January 2008 to December 2010, data were analyzed from 30 consecutive patients including 29 node-positive prostate cancer undergoing definitive or adjuvant RT (IMRT and/or 3DCRT) after radical prostatectomy and lymphadenectomy combined to hormonal therapy. Median age was 66 years (range : 52-83). Median preoperative PSA value was 12 ng/ml (range: 2.72-165). According to the pT-classification, there were 4 pT2, 7 pT3a, 10 pT3b, and 1 pT4 patients. Pathologic positive lymph nodes were found in 23 patients. Radiologic positive lymph nodes were found in 5 patients. Two patients were node negative. Gleason score was ranging between 7 to 10. Twelve patients were treated by Tomotherapy including 4 with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB). Eighteen patients were treated by Tomotherapy including 2 with SIB to the whole pelvis and 3DCRT boost to the prostate. V50% for bladder and rectum were recorded. Acute and late toxicities were assessed according to CTC-NCI.v3 classification.Results: With a median follow-up of 17 months, only one patient presented nodal and metastatic failure. Urinary incontinence was graded 1 after surgery for 6 patients and grade 2 in two. Sexual impuissance was noted in 3 patients. Acute toxicities during RT were proctitis grade 0 in 23 patients (76.5%), grade 1 in 7 (23.5%). Nocturia grade 1 in 9 patients. Interruption of treatment was seen in only case because of grade 3 urinary incontinence. Late effects included erectile dysfunction in 5 patients (83%) and one patient had grade 3proctitis requiring colostomy 3 months after RT. Median Dose-Volume Histogram according to radiation techniques V50% bladder V50% rectum Tomotherapy (IMRT) 36.25 Gy 39 Gy Tomotherapy + 3DCRT 41.26 Gy 39.18 GyConclusion: Based on our above-mentioned findings, there is no a significant difference in morbidity in patients treated with Tomotherapy or Tomotherapy with 3DCRT boost.
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