Article: article from journal or magazin.
Steady state plasma levels of the enantiomers of trimipramine and of its metabolites in CYP2D6-, CYP2C19- and CYP3A4/5-phenotyped patients.
Therapeutic drug monitoring
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Steady state plasma concentrations of the (L)- and (D)-enantiomers of trimipramine (TRI), desmethyltrimipramine (DTRI), 2-hydroxytrimipramine (TRIOH) and 2-hydroxydesmethyl-trimipramine (DTRIOH) were measured in 27 patients receiving between 300 and 400 mg/day racemic TRI. The patients were phenotyped with dextromethorphan and mephenytoin, and the 8-hour urinary ratios of dextromethorphan/dextrorphan, dextromethorphan/3-methoxymorphinan, and (S)-mephenytoin/(R)mephenytoin were used as markers of cytochrome P-450IID6 (CYP2D6), CYP3A4/5 and CYP2C19 activities, respectively. One patient was a CYP2D6 and one was a CYP2C19 poor metabolizer. A stereoselectivity in the metabolism of TRI has been found, with a preferential N-demethylation of (D)-TRI and a preferential hydroxylation of (L)-TRI. CYP2D6 appears to be involved in the 2-hydroxylation of (L)-TRI, (L)DTRI and (D)-DTRI, but not of (D)-TRI, as significant correlations were measured between the dextromethorphan/dextrorphan ratios and the (L)-TRI/(L)-TRIOH (r = 0.45, p = 0.019), the (L)-DTRI/(L)-DTRIOH (r = 0.47, p = 0.014), and the (D)-DTRI/(D)-DTRIOH (r = 0.51, p = 0.006), but not with the (D)-TRI/(D)-TRIOH ratios (r = 0.29, NS). CYP2C19, but not CYP2D6, appears to be involved in the demethylation pathway, with a stereoselectivity toward the (D)-enantiomer of TRI, as a significant positive correlation was calculated between the mephenytoin (S)/(R) ratios and the concentrations to dose-to-weight ratios of (D)-TRI (r = 0.69, p = 0.00006). CYP3A4/5 appears to be involved in the metabolism of (L)-TRI to a presently not determined metabolite. The CYP2D6 poor metabolizer had the highest (L)-DTRI and (D)-DTRI concentrations to dose-to-weight ratios, and the CYP2C19 poor metabolizer had the highest (L)-TRI and (D)-TRI concentrations to dose-to-weight ratios of the group.
Adult, Aged, Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic, Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6, Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mixed Function Oxygenases, Phenotype, Stereoisomerism, Trimipramine
Web of science
Last modification date