Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mitotic functions for SNAP45, a subunit of the small nuclear RNA-activating protein complex SNAPc.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publication types: Journal Article
The small nuclear RNA-activating protein complex SNAP(c) is required for transcription of small nuclear RNA genes and binds to a proximal sequence element in their promoters. SNAP(c) contains five types of subunits stably associated with each other. Here we show that one of these polypeptides, SNAP45, also known as PTF delta, localizes to centrosomes during parts of mitosis, as well as to the spindle midzone during anaphase and the mid-body during telophase. Consistent with localization to these mitotic structures, both down- and up-regulation of SNAP45 lead to a G(2)/M arrest with cells displaying abnormal mitotic structures. In contrast, down-regulation of SNAP190, another SNAP(c) subunit, leads to an accumulation of cells with a G(0)/G(1) DNA content. These results are consistent with the proposal that SNAP45 plays two roles in the cell, one as a subunit of the transcription factor SNAP(c) and another as a factor required for proper mitotic progression.
Antibodies/immunology, CDC2 Protein Kinase/metabolism, Centrosome/metabolism, Cyclin B/metabolism, Down-Regulation, Hela Cells, Humans, Mitosis, Protein Binding, Transcription Factors/genetics, Transcription Factors/immunology
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