Article: article from journal or magazin.
Parietal motor syndrome: a clinical description in 32 patients in the acute phase of pure parietal strokes studied prospectively.
Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Publication Status: ppublish
We prospectively studied motor symptoms in 32 patients with CT- or MRI-proven acute pure parietal stroke. A transient, mild, 'pseudoparesis' of the hand (90%), was noted, improved by visual attention and prompting, associated with non-awareness of muscle power (53%), transient soft pyramidal signs (50%), unilateral akinesia (100%) and motor hemineglect (37%) in non-dominant lesions. Lower motoneurone-type atrophy was not observed in this acute phase. We called 'poikilotonia' the striking unpredictable variations in muscle tone, ranging from extreme hypertonia to hypotonia, found in all patients. When maintaining postures, patients showed large oscillations (100%), laterodeviation or levitation of the arm (60%), especially in the case of large or posterior lesions, or, occasionally (3%), motor persistence or even hemicatalepsy (3%). Limb kinetic and manipulatory apraxia, with inadequate organization and anticipation of motor sequences and synergies, motor arrests, perplexity, unrecognizable gestures and loss of bimanual coordination, was a constant finding (100%). Other apraxias (62%) and difficulty in copying intransitive gestures of the hand (84%) were associated with posterior lesions involving the supramarginal gyrus. When reaching towards objects, all patients showed abnormal anticipatory hand shaping, but visuomotor ataxia (3%) was only seen with bilateral posterior stroke. Sensory (70%) or pseudocerebellar (4%) ataxia, was seen in both anterior and posterior lesions. Avoidance behaviors (34%) were not uncommon, but had no localizing value. Of the dyskinesias, hand dystonia (84%) was frequent, but athetosis (16%), asterixis (15%), postural tremor (15%), myoclonus (9%) and stereotypia (9%), were uncommon. The abnormal eye movements were unilateral hypo-akinesia of exploratory saccades (43%), abnormal ipsilateral pursuit and contralateral optokinetic nystagmus in the case of posterior lesions, and oculomotor apraxia with bilateral posterior lesions. In conclusion, parietal motor syndrome can be recognized during bedside examination, and probably reflects the loss of multiple sensory feedback to motor programs, especially those directed to the extrapersonal space.
Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Apraxias, Cerebrovascular Disorders/complications, Cerebrovascular Disorders/psychology, Dystonia, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Movement Disorders/etiology, Movement Disorders/physiopathology, Myoclonus, Paresis/physiopathology, Parietal Lobe/pathology, Prospective Studies, Syndrome
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