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Tetrasomy 8 in a patient with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia: a metaphase and interphase study with fluorescence in situ hybridization.
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Tetrasomy 8 constitutes a relatively rare recurring chromosome defect in myeloid disorders. The patient reported here, a 71-year-old man, presented with tetrasomy 8 as the sole chromosome abnormality associated with an acute nonlymphocytic leukemia of the M2 type. He failed to respond to chemotherapy and died one year after diagnosis. Following conventional cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a centromeric probe specific for chromosome 8, tetrasomy 8 was detected in 61% of the metaphases analyzed and trisomy 8 in 39%. FISH analysis of interphase nuclei confirmed the existence of tetrasomic (35%) and trisomic cells (56%) and revealed a number of cells with two chromosomes 8 (8%). This normal population may represent lymphocytes or myeloid cells that escaped conventional analysis due to their inability to divide or to the small number of metaphases available. The relatively higher proportion of tetrasomic cells in metaphase compared with interphase may be attributed to a proliferative advantage of tetrasomic cells in vitro or to the longer duration of their cell cycle. The simultaneous presence of trisomic and tetrasomic cells confirms the hypothesis of a clonal relationship between trisomy 8 and tetrasomy 8. Our case brings further evidence to the specificity of tetrasomy 8 to myeloid disorders and to the association of this chromosome abnormality with a relatively poor prognosis. However, new patients must be studied to further delineate this cytogenetic entity.
Aged, Chromosome Aberrations, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8, Humans, In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence, Interphase, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics, Male, Metaphase
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