Klinik und Pathologie des Melanoms. [Clinical aspects and pathology of melanoma]

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_54116F041DFF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Klinik und Pathologie des Melanoms. [Clinical aspects and pathology of melanoma]
Périodique
Therapeutische Umschau
Auteur(s)
Panizzon  R. G., Guggisberg  D.
ISSN
0040-5930 (Print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/1999
Volume
56
Numéro
6
Pages
302-8
Notes
English Abstract
Journal Article --- Old month value: Jun
Résumé
The annual incidence of melanoma is continually increasing. Melanomas can easily be diagnosed because they are readily visible on the skin. The prognosis is excellent for melanoma when it is diagnosed in an early stage. The clinical diagnosis of melanomas is made by the simple A-B-C-D-E-rule. Clinically, we distinguish the following melanoma types by the order of frequency: the melanoma of the superficial spreading type (SSM), the melanoma with nodular type (NM), the lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM) and the acro-lentiginous melanoma (ALM). Other clinical subtypes of melanoma are congenital giant nevus and melanoma of the mucous membranes. With help of histogenesis, we can distinguish similar forms for melanoma of the SSM-type, melanoma of the NM-type, the lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM) and the melanoma of the ALM-type. In this case, it is preferable to use the terminology acanthotic-lentiginous melanoma since acro-lentiginous is the clinical expression and not a histopathological one. Further subtypes can be distinguished histopathologically such as the desmoplasic melanoma which has been recently described as melanoma from a dysplasic nevus as well as melanoma of the lichen cleanness type. Furthermore, due to histopathology other particular forms can be distinguished such as the melanoma of the nevus Spitz type and melanoma originating from a blue nevus. Most important for the histopathological report is the thickness of the melanoma in millimeters related to the Breslow index as well as the invasion level in the skin by the Clark classification since the melanoma thickness is the most important risk factor for the melanoma patient.
Mots-clé
Adult Aged Child Female Humans Infant Male Melanoma/classification/*diagnosis/pathology Middle Aged Neoplasm Invasiveness Prognosis Skin/pathology Skin Neoplasms/classification/*diagnosis/pathology
Pubmed
Création de la notice
25/01/2008 16:55
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:09
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