Article: article from journal or magazin.
Hemodynamic, renal, and endocrine effects of 4-h infusions of human atrial natriuretic peptide in normal volunteers.
Fundamental & clinical pharmacology
Publication types: Clinical Trial ; Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
A synthetic human atrial natriuretic peptide of 26 aminoacids [human (3-28)ANP or hANP] was infused into normal male volunteers. Six subjects were infused for 4 h at 1-wk intervals with either hANP at the rate of 0.5 or 1.0 microgram/min or its vehicle in a single-blind randomized order. Human (3-28)ANP at the dose of 0.5 microgram/min raised immunoreactive plasma ANP levels from 104 +/- 17 to 221 +/- 24 pg/ml (mean +/- SEM), but it induced no significant change in blood pressure, heart rate, effective renal plasma flow, glomerular filtration rate, or renal electrolyte excretion. At the rate of 1.0 microgram/min, human (3-28)ANP increased immunoreactive plasma ANP levels from 89 +/- 12 to 454 +/- 30 pg/ml. It reduced effective renal plasma flow from 523 +/- 40 to 453 +/- 38 ml/min (P less than 0.05 vs. vehicle), but left glomerular filtration rate unchanged. Natriuresis rose from 207 +/- 52 to 501 +/- 69 mumol/min (P less than 0.05 vs. vehicle) and urinary magnesium excretion from 3.6 +/- 0.5 to 5.6 +/- 0.5 mumol/min (P less than 0.01 vs. vehicle). The excretion rate of the other electrolytes, blood pressure, and heart rate were not significantly modified. At both doses, human (3-28)ANP tended to suppress the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. In 3 additional volunteers, the skin blood flow response to human (3-28)ANP, infused for 4 h at the rate of 1.0 microgram/min, was studied by means of a laser-doppler flowmeter. The skin blood flow rose during the first 2 h of peptide administration, then fell progressively to values below baseline. After the infusion was discontinued, it remained depressed for more than 2 h. Thus, in normal volunteers, human (3-28)ANP at the dose of 1.0 microgram/min produced results similar to those obtained previously with rat (3-28)ANP. It enhanced natriuresis without changing the glomerular filtration rate while effective renal plasma flow fell. It also induced a transient vasodilation of the skin vascular bed.
Adult, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, Blood Pressure, Clinical Trials as Topic, Endocrine Glands, Heart Rate, Hemodynamics, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Kidney, Male, Peptide Fragments, Random Allocation, Regional Blood Flow, Renal Circulation, Skin
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