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Can neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) improve patient-ventilator interaction? A preliminary study
Title of the conference
22nd Annual Congress of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine
Vienna, Austria, October 11-14, 2009
Intensive Care Medicine
INTRODUCTION. NAVA is a new spontaneous-assisted ventilatory mode based on thedetection of diaphragmatic electrical activity (Eadi) and its feedback to adjust ventilatorsettings. NAVA uses the Eadi, an expression of the respiratory center's activity, to initiatepressurization, set the level of pressure support and cycle the ventilator into exhalation.Therefore, NAVA should theoretically allow near-perfect synchronization between the patientand the ventilator. However there are few data documenting these effects in intensive carepatients.OBJECTIVES. To determine whether NAVA can improve patient-ventilator synchronycompared to standard pressure support (PS) in intubated intensive care patients.METHODS. Comparative study of patient-ventilator interaction during PS with cliniciandetermined ventilator settings and NAVA with NAVA gain (proportionality factor betweenEadi and the amount of delivered inspiratory pressure) set as to obtain the same peak airwaypressure as the total pressure obtained in PS. A 20 min continuous recording with eachventilatory mode was performed allowing determination of trigger delay (Td), patient neuralinspiratory time (Tin), duration of pressurization by the ventilator (Tiv), excess durationof pressurization (Ti excess = Tiv - Tin/Tin 9 100) and number of asynchrony events byminute: non-triggering breaths, auto-triggering, double triggering, premature and delayedcycling.Results are given in mean ± SD. p is considered significant if\0.05.RESULTS. Preliminary results (mean ± SD): five patients (age 75 ± 12 years, 1 M/4F,BMI 25.7 ± 4.1 kg m-2), two pts with COPD, 1 with restrictive disease, initial settings: PS14.6 ± 1.7 cm H2O, PEEP 6.4 ± 1.5 cm H2O, NAVA gain 2.8 ± 1.3PS NAVA % reduction NAVAversus PSTd (ms) 210.4 ± 63.0 51.8 ± 12.1* 74.5 ± 5.0Ti excess (%) 12.9 ± 19.6 2.2 ± 0.6 70.8 ± 37.8n asynchrony/minute 7.6 ± 6.4 4.1 ± 3.7* 47.5 ± 17.0Respiratory rate (min-1) 16.8 ± 2.6 20.4 ± 4.7 NA* p\0.05CONCLUSION. Compared to standard PS, NAVA improves patient ventilator interaction byreducing Td and the overall incidence of asynchrony events. There is also a strong trend inreducing delayed cycling. This ongoing trial should provide evidence that NAVA can indeedimprove patient-ventilator synchrony in intubated patients undergoing PS.REFERENCE(S). 1. Sinderby C, Navalesi P et al (1995) Neural control of mechanicalventilation in respiratory failure. Nat Med 5(12):1433-1436.2. Colombo D, Cammarota G et al (2008) Physiologic response to varying levels of pressuresupport and neurally adjusted ventilator assist in patients with acute respiratory failure.Intensive Care Med 34(11):2010-2018.
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