Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
RTOG 0525: A randomized phase iii trial comparing standard adjuvant temozolomide (tmz) with a dose-dense (dd) schedule in newly diagnosed glioblastoma (gbm)
Title of the conference
2011 SNO 16th Annual Scientific Meeting in Conjunction with the AANS/CNS Section on Tumors
Orange County, California, November 17-20, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant TMZ is the standard of care for newly diagnosed GBM. MGMT methylation status may be an important determinant of treatment response. This trial, conducted by the RTOG, EORTC, and NCCTG, determined if intensified TMZ improves survival (OS) or progression free survival (PFS) in all patients or specific to MGMT status. Eligibility criteria included age . 18 yrs, KPS ≥ 60, and existence of a tissue block with . 1cm2 tumor for prospective MGMT and retrospective molecular analysis. Patients were randomized to Arm 1: standard TMZ (150-200 mg/m2 x 5 d) or Arm 2: dd TMZ (75-100 mg/m2 x 21 d) q 4 wks for 6-12 cycles. Symptom burden, quality of life (QOL), and neurocognition were prospectively and longitudinally assessed in a patient subset. 833 patients were randomized (1173 registered). Inadequate tissue (n ¼ 144) was the most frequent reason for nonrandomization.No statistical difference was observed between Arms 1 and 2 for median OS (16.6, 14.9 mo, p ¼ 0.63), median PFS (5.5, 6.7 mo, p ¼ 0.06), or methylation status. MGMT methylation was associated with improved OS (21.2, 14 mo, p , 0.0001), PFS (8.7, 5.7 mo, p , 0.0001), and treatment response (p ¼ 0.012). Cox modeling identifiedMGMT status and RPA class as significant predictors of OS; treatment arm and radiation technique (EORTC vs. RTOG) were not. There was increased grade ≥ 3 toxicity in Arm 2 (19%, 27%, p ¼ 0.008), which was mostly lymphopenia and fatigue. This study did not demonstrate improved efficacy for dd TMZ for newly diagnosed GBM regardless of methylation status. However, it confirmed the prognostic significance of MGMT methylation in GBM, demonstrated the feasibility of tumor tissue collection, molecular stratification, and collection of patient outcomes in a large transatlantic intergroup trial, thereby establishing a viable clinical trial paradigm. Support: NCI U10 CA 21661 and U10 CA37422.
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