Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Impact of Pre-Existing Immunity on the Selection of Rare Adenovirus Vector Candidates: Implications for HIV Vaccine Development
Title of the conference
AIDS Vaccine 2011 Conference
Bangkok, Thailand, September 12-15, 2011
Aids Research and Human Retroviruses
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) phase IIb vaccine trial (STEP) was prematurely stopped due to a lack of efficacy and two-fold higher incidence of HIV infection among Ad5 seropositive vaccine recipients. We have recently demonstrated that Ad5 immune complexes (Ad5 ICs)-mediated activation of the dendritic cell (DC)-T cell axis was associated with the enhancement of HIV infection in vitro. Although the direct role of Ad5 neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) in the increase of HIV susceptibility during the STEP trial is still under debate, vector-specific NAbs remain a major hurdle for vector-based gene therapies or vaccine strategies. To surmount this obstacle, vectors based on ''rare'' Ad serotypes including Ad6, Ad26, Ad36 and Ad41 were engineered.Methods: The present study aimed to determine whether Ad ICmediated DC maturation could be circumvented using these Advector candidates.Results: We found that all Ad vectors tested forming ICs with plasma containing serotype-specific NAbs had the capacity to 1) mature human DCs as monitored by the up-regulation of costimulatory molecules and the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-a), via the stabilization of Ad capsid at endosomal but not lysosomal pH rendering Ad DNA/TLR9 interactions possible and 2) potentiate Ad-specific CD4 and CD8 T cell responses.Conclusion: In conclusion, despite a conserved DC maturation potential, the low prevalence of serotype-specific NAbs renders rare Ad vectors attractive for vaccine strategies.
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