Schizotypy : do not worry, it is not all worrisome

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_51FE06B27509
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Schizotypy : do not worry, it is not all worrisome
Périodique
Schizophrenia Bulletin
Auteur(s)
Mohr C., Claridge G.
ISSN
0586-7614
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
41
Numéro
suppl. 2
Pages
S436-S443
Langue
anglais
Résumé
A long-standing tradition in personality research in psychology, and nowadays increasingly in psychiatry, is that psychotic and psychotic-like thoughts are considered common experiences in the general population. Given their widespread occurrence, such experiences cannot merely reflect pathological functioning. Moreover, reflecting the multi-dimensionality of schizotypy, some dimensions might be informative for healthy functioning while others less so. Here, we explored these possibilities by reviewing research that links schizotypy to favourable functioning such as subjective wellbeing, cognitive functioning (major focus on creativity) and personality correlates. This research highlights the existence of healthy people with psychotic-like traits who mainly experience positive schizotypy (but also affective features mapping onto bipolar disorder). These individuals seem to benefit from a healthy way to organise their thoughts and experiences, i.e. they employ an adaptive cognitive framework to explain and integrate their unusual experiences. We conclude that, instead of focussing only on the pathological, future studies should explore the behavioural, genetic, imaging and psychopharmacological correlates that define the healthy expression of psychotic-like traits. Such studies would inform on protective or compensatory mechanisms of psychosis-risk and could usefully inform us on the evolutionary advantages of the psychosis dimension.
Mots-clé
health, creativity, reasoning, psychoticism, bipolar, personality traits
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
23/11/2014 17:11
Dernière modification de la notice
08/05/2019 18:36
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