Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Interplay between keratinocytes and immune cells--recent insights into psoriasis pathogenesis.
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Psoriasis is one of the most common human inflammatory skin diseases characterised by hyperproliferation and aberrant differentiation of keratinocytes. The trigger of the typical epidermal changes seen in psoriasis was considered to be a dysregulated immune response with Th-1/Tc1 cells playing a central role. Recent studies have provided new insights into psoriasis pathogenesis in defining intraepidermal alpha(1)beta(1)+ T cells as key effectors driving keratinocyte changes. Critical roles for IFN-alpha secreted by plasmacytoid dendritic cells and the IL-23/Th-17 axis were postulated. Initially, these subsequent stages are at least partially driven by the endogenous antimicrobial peptide LL37 that converts inert self-DNA into a potent trigger of interferon production by binding and delivering the DNA into plasmacytoid dendritic cells to trigger toll-like receptor 9. As LL37 is expressed by keratinocytes upon various stimuli, keratinocytes might regain momentum as instigators of an aberrant immune response which then precedes the characteristic changes in the epidermis. Data from these new studies indicate a complex interplay between keratinocytes overexpressing antimicrobial peptides and immune cells driving epidermal hyperproliferation and aberrant keratinocyte differentiation in the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
Animals, Cell Communication/immunology, Dendritic Cells/immunology, Dendritic Cells/pathology, Humans, Keratinocytes/immunology, Keratinocytes/pathology, Psoriasis/immunology, Psoriasis/pathology, T-Lymphocytes/immunology, T-Lymphocytes/pathology
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