Article: article from journal or magazin.
Pentobarbital-sensitive EDHF comediates ACh-induced arteriolar dilation in the hamster microcirculation.
American Journal of Physiology
5 Pt 2
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
It is unclear to what extent the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) contributes to the control of microcirculatory blood flow in vivo. We analyzed, by intravital microscopy in hamster muscles, the potential role of EDHF along the vascular tree under stimulated (ACh) or basal conditions. Experiments were performed in conscious as well as anesthetized (pentobarbital, urethan) animals. Additionally, cellular effects of the potential EDHF were studied in isolated small arteries. In pentobarbital-anesthetized animals, treatment with Nomega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA; 30 micromol/l) and indomethacin (3 micromol/l) reduced the dilation in response to 10 micromol/l ACh from 60 +/- 6 to 20 +/- 4%. This nitric oxide/prostaglandin-independent dilation (NPID), which was of a similar magnitude in large and small arterioles, was abolished by potassium depolarization or charybdotoxin (ChTX, 1 micromol/l) but not by glibenclamide. In conscious animals, NPID amounted to 33 +/- 3%. The inhibitor of the P-450 monooxygenase 17-octadecynoic acid (ODYA) reduced NPID further to 9 +/- 4%. ChTX abolished the NPID and also reduced basal diameters (by -11 +/- 3%). The induction of anesthesia with pentobarbital reduced NPID (to 12 +/- 6%), whereas urethan anesthesia was without effect. Pentobarbital also reduced the ACh-induced hyperpolarization of vascular smooth muscle in isolated arteries, whereas ChTX abolished it. This study suggests that a considerable part of the ACh dilation in the microcirculation is mediated by EDHF, which also contributes to the control of basal tone in conscious animals. The direct inhibitory effect of pentobarbital and ODYA supports the idea that "microcirculatory" EDHF is a product of the cytochrome P-450 pathway. The role of EDHF might be underestimated in pentobarbital-anesthetized animals.
Acetylcholine/pharmacology, Adjuvants, Anesthesia/pharmacology, Animals, Arterioles/chemistry, Arterioles/drug effects, Biological Factors/metabolism, Charybdotoxin/pharmacology, Cricetinae, Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism, Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism, Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/pharmacology, Indomethacin/pharmacology, Mesocricetus, Microcirculation/drug effects, Microcirculation/physiology, Muscle, Skeletal/blood supply, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/chemistry, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/drug effects, Nitroarginine/pharmacology, Penicillamine/analogs & derivatives, Penicillamine/pharmacology, Pentobarbital/pharmacology, Potassium/pharmacology, Potassium Channels/physiology, Skin/blood supply, Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology
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