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RHC 3659: a new orally active angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor in normal volunteers
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Journal Article --- Old month value: Dec
1 The new converting enzyme inhibitor RHC 3659 was tested in 15 male volunteers. The study consisted of two parts: first, the ability of a single oral dose (5, 10, 20, 40 or 80 mg) to inhibit the pressor response to exogenous angiotensin I was tested with blood pressure and heart rate monitored continuously through an intraarterial catheter. A dose-related shift to the right of the pressor response curve to angiotensin I was observed with a peak occurring within 0.5 to 1 h. The pressor response to angiotensin II was unaffected. 2 In the second part, plasma renin and converting enzyme activity, angiotensin II and aldosterone were measured serially before and up to 8 h after administration of a single oral dose of RHC 3659. As expected. plasma angiotensin II and aldosterone fell within 30 min while plasma renin activity increased. Plasma converting enzyme activity was suppressed at 0.5 h in a dose-related manner with levels still below 30% of control 4 h following 80 mg of the inhibitor. 3 However, in vitro the enzyme-inhibitor complex seemed quited fragile since during storage of the plasma samples at -20 degrees C, converting enzyme activity increased significantly already within days (P less than 0.001, n = 28) and continued to rise for more than 2 months. This fragility may explain the seemingly lower potency of RHC 3659 when compared to captopril. No side effects were observed.
Adult Aldosterone/blood Angiotensin II/blood *Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Blood Pressure/drug effects Cyclopentanes/*pharmacology Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Humans Male Renin/blood Time Factors
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