Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
The Distinct Molecular Signature Of Hepatosplenic T-Cell Lymphoma (Hstl) Identifies Oncogenic Pathways With Potential Therapeutic Relevance
Title of the conference
11th International Conference on Malignant Lymphoma
Lugano, Switzerland, Jun 15-18, 2011
Annals of Oncology
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: HSTL is a rare entity characterized by an infiltration of bone marrow, spleen and liver tissues by neoplastic gammadelta (gd) -more rarely alphabeta (ab)- T cells. Its pathogenesis is poorly understood. Our purpose was to identify the molecular signature of HSTL and explore molecular pathways implicated in its pathogenesis.Methods: Gene expression profiling and array CGH analysis of 10 HSTL samples (7gd, 3ab), 1 HSTL cell line (DERL2), 2 normal gd samples together with 16 peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL,NOS) and 7 nasal NK/T cell lymphomas were performed.Results: By unsupervised analysis, ab and gdHSTL clustered together remarkably separated from other lymphoma entities. Compared to PTCL, NOS, HSTL overexpresed genes encoding NK-associated molecules, oncogenes (VAV3) and the Sphingosine-1-phosphatase receptor 5 involved in cell trafficking. Compared to normal gd cells, HSTL overexpressed genes encoding NK-cell and multi drug resistance-associated molecules, transcription factors (RHOB), oncogenes (MAFB, FOS, JUN, VAV3) and the tyrosine kinase SYK whereas genes encoding cytotoxic molecules and the tumor suppressor gene AIM1 were among the most downregulated. By immunohistochemistry, SYK was demonstrated on HSTL cells with expression of its phosphorylated form in DERL2 cells by Western blot. Functional studies using a SYK inhibitor revealed a dose dependent increase of apoptotic DERL2 cells suggesting that SYK could be a candidate target for pharmacologic inhibition. Downexpression of AIM1 was validated by qRT-PCR. Methylation analysis of DERL2 genomic DNA treated by bisulfite demonstrated highly methylated CpG islands of AIM1. Genomic profiles confirmed recurrent isochromosome 7q (n=6/9) without alterations at 9q22 and 6q21 containing SYK and AIM1 genes, respectively.Conclusion: The current study identifies a distinct molecular signature for HSTL and highlights oncogenic pathways which offer rationale for exploring new therapeutic options such as SYK inhibitors. It supports the view of gd and ab HSTL as a single entity.
Web of science
Last modification date