Article: article from journal or magazin.
Characterisation of nanoparticles resulting from different braking behaviours
International Journal of Biomedical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Brake wear particulate matter (PM) may provoke cardiovascular effects. A system was developed to expose cells to airborne PM from brakes. Six car models were tested, each with full stop and normal deceleration. PM numbers, mass and surface, metals, and carbon compounds were measured. Full stop produced higher PM number and mass concentrations than normal deceleration (up to 10 million particles/cm3 in 0.2 m3 volume). 87% of the PM mass was in the fine (100 nm to 2.5 ìm) and 12% in the coarse (2.5 to 10 ìm) fraction, whereas 74% of the PM number was nanoscaled (ultrafine < 0.1 ìm) and 26% fine PM. Elemental concentrations were 2,364, 236, and 18 ìg/m3 of iron, copper and manganese, respectively, and 664 and 36 ìg/m3 of organic and elemental carbon. PM-release differed between cars and braking behaviour. Temperature and humidity were stable. In conclusion, the established system seems feasible for exposing cell cultures to brake wear PM. [Authors]
Vehicle Emissions , Particulate Matter , Particle Size , Epithelial Cells , Toxicity Tests
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